1963 Highlights


Our Senior Years

Major Events of 1963

  • Ngo Dinh Diem Assasinated
  • Kenya Independent
  • OAU Founded
  • Nuclear Test
  • Feminine Mystique
  • U of Alabama Integrated
  • Medgar Evers Slain
  • March on Washington
  • Kennedy visits Berlin
  • Kennedy Assassinated
  • Vaccine for Measles
  • USS Thresher Sinks


    NBA: Boston Celtics vs. LA Lakers Series: 4-2
    NCAA Football: Texas Record: 11-0-0
    Heisman Trophy: Roger Staubach, navy QB points: 1,860
    Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs vs. Detroit Red Wings Series: 4-1
    US Open Golf: Julius Boros Score: 293 Course: The Country Club Location: Brookline, MA
    World Series: Los Angeles Dodgers vs. NY Yankees Series: 4-0

    Chart-Toppers: 1963

    1."Go Away Little Girl" ... Steve Lawrence
    2."Walk Right In" ... The Rooftop Singers
    3."Hey Paula" ... Paul and Paula
    4."Walk Like a Man" ... The Four Seasons
    5."Our Day Will Come" ... Ruby and the Romantics
    6."He's So Fine" ... The Chiffons
    7."I Will Follow Him" ... Little Peggy March
    8."If You Wanna Be Happy" ... Jimmy Soul
    9."It's My Party" ... Lesely Gore
    10."Sukiyaki" ... Kyu Sakamot

    Top Movies of 1963

    1. Cleopatra
    2. The Longest Day
    3. Irma La Douce
    4. Lawrence of Arabia
    5. How the West Was Won
    6. Mutiny on the Bounty
    7. Son of Flubber
    8. To Kill a Mockingbird
    9. Bye Bye Birdie
    10. Come Blow Your Horn

    Academy Awards

    Best Picture: "Tom Jones"
    Best Director: Tony Richardson ... "Tom Jones"
    Best Actor Sidney Poitier ... "Lilies of the Field"
    Best Actress: Patricia Neal ... "Hud"

    Nobel Prizes

    The prize was divided equally between: ZIEGLER, KARL, Germany, Max-Planck-Institut fÙr Kohlenforschung (Max-Planck-Institute for Carbon Research) MÙlheim/Ruhr, b. 1898, d. 1973; and NATTA, GIULIO, Italy, Institute of Technology, Milan, b. 1903, d. 1979: "for their discoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers"

    SEFERIS, GIORGOS (pen-name of SEFERIADIS, GIORGOS), Greece, b. 1900 (in Smyrna, Turkey), d. 1971: "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"


    The prize was awarded jointly to: ECCLES, Sir JOHN CAREW, Australia, Australian National University, Canberra, b. 1903, d. 1997; HODGKIN, Sir ALAN LLOYD, Great Britain, Cambridge University, Cambridge, b. 1914, d. 1998; and HUXLEY, Sir ANDREW FIELDING, Great Britain, London University, b. 1917: "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"

    The prize was divided, one half being awarded to: WIGNER, EUGENE P., U.S.A., Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, b. 1902 (in Budapest, Hungary), d. 1995: "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"; and the other half jointly to: GOEPPERT-MAYER, MARIA, U.S.A., University of California, La Jolla, CA, b. 1906 (in Kattowitz, then Germany), d. 1972; and JENSEN, J. HANS D., Germany, University of Heidelberg, b. 1907, d. 1973: "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"

    Pulitzer Prizes

    Fiction: William Faulkner ... "The Reivers"
    History: Constance McLaughlin Green ... "Washington, Village & Capital"
    International Reporting: Hal Hendrix ... "Miami News"
    National Reporting: Anthony Lewis ... "New York Times"
    Public Service: "Chicago Daily News"

    Most Popular Books

    1."The Shoes of the Fisherman"... Morris L. West. Morrow
    2."The Group"...Mary McCarthy. Harcourt, Brace & World
    3."Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters, and Seymour-An Introduction"...
    J. D. Salinger. Little, Brown
    4."Caravans"... James A. Michener. Random House
    5."Elizabeth Appleton"... John O'Hara. Random House
    6."Grandmother and the Priests"... Taylor Caldwell. Doubleday
    7."City of Night"...John Rechy. Grove Press
    8."The Glass-Blowers"...Daphne du Maurier. Doubleday
    9."The Sand Pebbles"... Richard McKenna. Harper & Row
    10."The Battle of the Villa Fiorita"...Rumer Godden. Viking Press
    1."Happiness Is a Warm Puppy"... Charles M. Schulz. Determined
    2."Security Is a Thumb and a Blanket"... Charles M. Schulz.
    Determined Productions
    3."J.F.K.: The Man and the Myth" Victor Lasky. Macmillan
    4."Profiles in Courage: Inaugural Edition" ... John F. Kennedy. Harper & Row
    5."0 Ye Jigs & Juleps! "...Virginia Cary Hudson. Macmillan
    6."Better Homes and Gardens Bread Cook Book"... Meredith Publishing Co.
    7."The Pillsbury Family Cookbook"... Harper & Row
    8."1 Owe Russia $1200"... Bob Hope. Doubleday
    9."Heloise's Housekeeping Hints".... Prentice-Hall
    10."Better Homes and Gardens Baby Book:"... Meredith Publishing Co.

    Most Popular Television Shows

    1. The Beverly Hill Billies (CBS)
    2. Bonanza (NBC)
    3. The Dick Van Dyke Show (CBS)
    4. Petticoat Junction (CBS)
    5. The Andy Griffith Show (CBS)
    6. The Lucy Show (CBS)
    7. Candid Camera (CBS)
    8. The Ed Sullivan Show (CBS)
    9. The Danny Thomas Show (CBS)
    10. My Favorite Martian (CBS)

The Year 1962 Major Events
1962 Agreement Establishes Malaysia Federation An agreement was reached on the establishment of a Malaysian federation comprising Malaysia, Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei and British Borneo. The agreement was signed in London, and was to go into effect on September 16, 1963.
1962 Border War between China and India China and India disputed their mutual border. The terrain was mountainous and often difficult to defend. In 1962, battles broke out between the two countries. On October 20, China launched a full scale attack on Indian positions. The Chinese routed the Indians, and India asked for US support. Two days later, the Chinese announced that they were implementing a cease-fire and withdrawing.
1962 Burundi Becomes Independent Burundi was a part of Belgian Mandated Territory. It petitioned the U.N. for full independence, which was granted in 1962. Burundi remained under the domination of the Tutsi tribe.
1962 Uganda Gains Independence From Great Britian Upon Uganda's achieving independence, Milton Obote became the first leader. A federal form of government was enacted in order to insure the rights of the King of Uganda, Edward Mutesa.
1962 Israel Finds Adolf Eichman Guilty Adolf Eichmann was in charge of the Jewish Department of the Nazi SS (Gestapo). As such, he was directly responsible for carrying out the Nazi's "final solution" - the extermination of European Jewry. After World War II, Eichmann fled to South America. In May 1960, Eichmann was captured by Israel's Intelligence Agency (the Mossad), smuggled out of Argentina and brought to Israel to stand trial.
Eichmann's trial began on April 11, 1961, at Binyanei Ha Uma, in Jerusalem. A special bullet-proof cage was built for Eichmann's protection. After a 14-week trial, Eichmann was convicted and sentenced to die for crimes against humanity. After his appeal was denied, Eichmann was executed on May 31, 1962, making him the only person ever officially executed by the State of Israel.

1962 Algeria Granted Independence Algerian Nationalists, organized in the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale), began an armed rebellion against French rule in Algeria. The rebellion gained momentum throughout the 1950's. After DeGaulle became President of France in 1959, he offered Algeria the option of a referendum to determine whether the people wanted independence from France. Cease-fire negotiations began between the government and the FLN. French Nationalists attempted to derail the peace process, staging two revolts in Algeria: the first in 1960, and the second in 1961. The revolt by the OAS (Organization de L'Armée Secrete) was suppressed in a few days, but the OAS continued to oppose the independence of Algeria until the bitter end. On July 1, Algerians voted overwhelmingly for independence. On July 3, Algeria declared its independence. In September, Be Bella became Premier.

1962 Steel Prices Rolled Back The steel industry voluntarily rolled back its prices. It did this after President Kennedy exerted both public and private pressure to do so. He stated publicly that it was unacceptable for a tiny handful of steel executives to show utter contempt for the American people.
1962 US Commitment to Vietnam Deepens The US commitment to Vietnam grew in early 1962 as troop strength was increased to 8,000 men. President Kennedy gave the order to US troops to fire on the Viet Cong if they encountered hostile fire themselves.
1962 Prayer Unconstitutional in School In the decision of Engel v. Vitale, the US Supreme Court ruled that state-sponsored prayer in schools was unconstitutional. The Court did not outlaw prayer in school entirely, only school-sponsored prayer. The Supreme Court decision launched a controversy that has continued unabated until today.
1962 Environment Movement Launched Rachel Carson's book, Silent Spring, was published in September 1962. By describing the effects of the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the enviroment, Carson launched the enviromental movement.
1962 First Black at University of Mississpi Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black ordered the immediate admittance of James Meredith to the University of Mississippi. Mississippi's governor, Ross Barnett, attempted to bar Meredith's entry. President Kennedy, however, federalized the National Guard, which then forced his admittance.
1962 First American in Space On July 21, Alan Shepard became the first American in space. Shepard's flight lasted only 15 minutes. Earlier in the year, President Kennedy had announced the goal of landing a man on the moon by the end of the decade, and on February 20, 1962, John Glenn became the first American to go into orbit.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis In late August, 1962, American spy planes detected the building of missile sights in Cuba. Initially the government believed that these sites were defensive in nature. In fact, the Soviets, under Khrushchev, had decided to redress the strategic gap between the two world powers in one quick swoop by placing missiles in Cuba, thus providing the US with a very limited warning if attacked. On October 15th, US intelligence brought the President conclusive proof that the Soviets were installing medium-range ballistic missiles in Cuba. After much discussion with his advisors, Kennedy ruled out an early air-strike as too risky, and instead decided on a blockade of Cuba.On the evening of October 22nd President Kennedy addressed the nation, announcing the discovery of missiles in Cuba and the imposition of a blockade on all Soviet ships attempting to deliver weapons to Cuba. The US made it clear that it would fire on Soviet ships which did not observe the "quarantine." Many felt that nuclear war was imminent. Suddenly, those Soviet ships en route to Cuba reversed course. The affair was officially resolved when the United States agreed not to invade Cuba, and the Soviets agreed to withdraw their forces and missiles from Cuba. The event was a serious setback for the Soviets. Their strategic weakness forced them to withdraw from what had been a very risky venture.
1962 Telstar Broadcast Live Satellite The first international satellite broadcast of television took place. Satellite TV communication slowly tranformed the way the world received news information.
NBA: Boston Celtics vs. LA Lakers Series: 4-3
NCAA Football: USC Record: 11-0-0
Heisman Trophy: Terry Baker, oregon state, QB points: 707
Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs vs. Chicago Blackhawks Series: 4-2
US Open Golf: Jack Nicklaus Score: 283* Course: Oakmont CC Location: Oakmont, PA (* playoff with arnold palmer)
World Cup: Brazil vs. Czechoslovakia Score: 3-1
World Series: New York Yankees vs. San Francisco Giants Series: 4-3
Top Popular Music of 1962
1."Pepermint Twist-Part I" ... Joey Dee
2."Duke of Earl" ... Gene Chandler
3."Hey! Baby" ... Bruce Channel
4."Don't Break My Heart That Loves You" ... Connie Francis
5."Jonny Angel" ... Shelley Fabares
6."Good Luck Charm" ... Elvis Presley
7."Soldier Boy" ... The Shirelles
8."Stranger on the Shore" ... Mr. Acker Bilk
9."I Can't Stop Loving You" ... Ray Charles
10."The Stripper" ... David Rose and His Orchestra
Grammy Awards
Record of the Year: "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" ... Tony Bennett
Song of the Year: "What Kind of Fool Am I" ... Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley
Song of the Year: "The First Family" ... Vaughn Meader
Male Vocalist: Tony Bennett ... "I Left My Heart in San Francisco"
Female Vocalist: Ella Fitzgerald ... "Ella Swings Brightly with Nelson Riddle"
Top Movies of 1962
1. Spartacus
2. West Side Story
3. Lover Come Back
4. That Touch of Mink
5. El Cid
6. The Music Man
7. King of Kings
8. Hatari
9. The Flower Drum Song
10. The Interns
Academy Awards
Best Picture: "Lawrence of Arabia"
Best Director: David Lean ... "Lawrence of Arabia"
Best Actor: Gregory Peck ... "To Kill a Mockingbird"
Best Actress: Anne Bancroft ... "The Miracle Worker"
Nobel Prizes
The prize was divided equally between: PERUTZ, MAX FERDINAND, Great Britain, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, b. 1914 ( in Vienna, Austria); and KENDREW, Sir JOHN COWDERY, Great Britain, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, b. 1917, d. 1997: "for their studies of the structures of globular proteins"
STEINBECK, JOHN, U.S.A., b. 1902, d. 1968: "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"
PAULING, LINUS CARL, USA, b. 1901, d. 1994: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. Campaigner especially for an end to nuclear weapons tests.
Physiology or Medicine
The prize was awarded jointly to: CRICK, FRANCIS HARRY COMPTON, Great Britain, Institute of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, b. 1916; WATSON, JAMES DEWEY, U.S.A., Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, b. 1928; and WILKINS, MAURICE HUGH FREDERICK, Great Britain, University of London, b. 1916: "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nuclear acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"
LANDAU, LEV DAVIDOVICH, USSR, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, b. 1908, d. 1968: "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"
Pulitzer Prizes
Drama: Frank Loesser & Abe Burrows ... "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying"
Fiction: Edwin O'Connor ... "The Edge of Sadness"
History: Lawrence H. Gibson ... "The Triumphant Empire: Thunderclouds Gather in the West"
International Reoprting: Walter Lippmann ... "New York Herald Tribune Syndicate"
National Reporting: Nathan G. Caldwell & Gene S. Graham ... "Nashville Tennessean"
Public Service: "Panama City (FL) News-Herald"
Most Popular Books
1."Ship of Fools"... Katherine Anne Porter. Little, Brown
2."Dearly Beloved" ...Anne Morrow Lindbergh. Harcourt, Brace & World
3."A Shade of Difference"... Allen Drury. Doubleday
4."Youngblood Hawke"... Herman Wouk. Doubleday
5."Franny and Zooey" ...J. D. Salinger. Little, Brown
6."Fail-Safe"...Eugene Burdick and Harvey Wheeler. McGrawHill
7."Seven Days in May"...Fletcher Knebel and Charles W. Bailey II.
Harper & Row
8."The Prize"... Irving Wallace. Simon & Schuster
9."The Agony and the Ecstasy"... Irving Stone. Doubleday
10. "The Reivers"... William Faulkner. Random House
1."Calories Don't Count" ...Dr. Herman Taller. Simon & Schuster
2."The New English Bible: The New Testament"...
Cambridge University Press and Oxford University Press
3."Better Homes and Gardens Cook Book: New Edition"...
Meredith Publishing Co.
4."0 Ye Jigs & Juleps! "...Virginia Cary Hudson. Macmillan
5."Happiness Is a Warm Puppy"... Charles M. Schulz. Determined
6."The Joy of Cooking: New Edition"... Irma S. Rombauer and Marion
Rombauer Becker. Bobbs-Merrill
7."My Life in Court"... Louis Nizer. Doubleday
8."The Rothschilds"...Frederic Morton. Atheneum Publishers
9."Sex and the Single Girl"...Helen Gurley Brown. Bernard Geis
10. "Travels with Charley"... John Steinbeck. Viking Press
Most Popular Television Shows
1.        The Beverly Hill Billies (CBS)
2.        Candid Camera (CBS)
3. The Red Skelton Show (CBS)
4. Bonanza (NBC)
5. The Lucy Show (CBS)
6. The Andy Griffith Show (CBS)
7. Ben Cassey (ABC)
8. The Danny Thomas Show (CBS)
9. The Dick Van Dyke Show (CBS)
10. Gunsmoke (CBS)